Red Otri de AndalucĂ­a. . localhost Red Otri de AndalucĂ­a. Ofertas, Proyectos, Patentes, Spin offs es-es Global Encounters between China and Europe: Trade Networks, Consumption and Cultural Exchanges in Macau and Marseille (1680-1840) localhostNone <img style="float: left;padding-right: 10px;padding-bottom:10px;" src="localhost/static/photologue/photos/cache/GECEM_detail.jpg" alt="GECEM" title="GECEM" />The project is funded by the European Research Council as a Starting Grant (StG).GECEM project seeks out new directions and engages primary challenges of Global History for the 21st century, including the role of China in the international community; its relations with western powers, mainly with Europe. The hegemonic position and/or leadership of this Asian giant cannot be fully understood if we do not also consider historical perspectives and the early origins of such relations. This intellectual challenge can be addressed, since the core and main aim of GECEM is to use new historical evidence from China and Europe during the early modern period to shed new light on big questions such as why China did not develop at the same economic levels than northwestern Europe in the first industrialization or why modern capitalism did not emerge in China. These are vital questions, first raised by social science theorists and scholars from the California School. 29 de junio de 2018 localhostNone Enhancing Separation Efficiency in European Syngas Industry by using Zeolites localhostNone <img style="float: left;padding-right: 10px;padding-bottom:10px;" src="localhost/static/photologue/photos/cache/figura_RASPA_detail.bmp" alt="RASPA" title="RASPA" />The project is funded by the European Research Council as a Proof of Concept (PoC). The Proof of Concept that we propose is the development of a zeolite-based separation process to obtain carbon dioxide-neutral fuels and chemicals. The process that we plan to design is based on gas uptake and release, combining separation efficiency with low separation costs. 29 de junio de 2018 localhostNone An ARTery of EMPIRE. Conquest, Commerce, Crisis, Culture and the Panamanian Junction (1513-1671) localhostNone <img style="float: left;padding-right: 10px;padding-bottom:10px;" src="localhost/static/photologue/photos/cache/ArtEmpire_detail.jpg" alt="ArtEmpire" title="ArtEmpire" />The project is funded by the European Research Council as a Consolidator Grant (StG). ArtEmpire analyzes a convergence of peoples and goods from four continents on the Isthmus of Panama during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It brings together archaeologists, geneticists, historians, anthropologists and computer engineers to produce new knowledge about pre-Hispanic as well as early modern individuals. Data from sources rarely considered together enable the team to explore new methodological approaches to such questions as the conquest of America, the seventeenth-century crisis, or the biological and cultural impact of early globalization. 28 de junio de 2018 localhostNone ModellIng solutions for improved and Resilient mAnagement strategies for Olive tree against future CLimatE change localhostNone <img style="float: left;padding-right: 10px;padding-bottom:10px;" src="localhost/static/photologue/photos/cache/header_olivemiracle_1_detail.jpg" alt="olivemiracle" title="olivemiracle" />Over the centuries, olive trees have played an important role as one of the major sources of income and employment in Mediterranean relatively poor rain fed areas. In addition to their agro-economic value, olive cropping systems contributed - when correctly managed - to the preservation of natural resources through the maintenance of soil and the reduction of rainfall's losses. Olive tree agro-ecosystem is therefore of enormous ecological and economic importance for most Mediterranean countries.During the last decades, the olive farming industry is experiencing an intensification process that carried along some radical changes in its thousands-year-old agronomic practices. These are moving from low-input traditional plantation to intensified traditional plantation and highly mechanized system. This process led to the first environmental risk caused by intensification: excessive use of water resource. The current forecasts of climate change will likely worsen this picture, and in a way that is difficult to address quantitatively.The aim of this project is to provide accurate tools to test the effectiveness of adaptation/mitigation management strategies to support long-term investment decision making on olive-tree cultivation across the Mediterranean under current and future climate. A central point will be the harmonization between farmers' and sustainable ecosystems objectives, coupling olive tree cultivation profitability with the capacity of providing environmental services, to be reached by purposely-developed simulation tools to support decision-making.Advanced modelling approaches will be used to integrate available physiological knowledge into existing and well established modelling platforms, to assess climate change impact and evaluate mitigation/adaptation strategies by tuning agro-management factors. The analysis will be based on a consistent set of data layers, including weather, soils, and current agro-management information, and it will be conducted against present and short to mid-term future scenarios of climate change. A participatory approach with stakeholders engagement will be exploited through a reiterative process to identify/validate sustainable and economic viable olive tree management practices.Project outputs will improve olive tree crop modelling by extending model predictive ability to capture olive crop behaviour under a wider range of conditions. This improved capability will be beneficial to properly define olive farming design and the relevant management practices, which aim at optimizing the performances of the agro-ecosystem in terms of improved positive externalities and reduced the negative ones. When applied in a global change context, the proposed framework will be a valid benchmark on which testing the impact of adaptation strategies on both farmers income and ecosystem services providing stakeholders with knowledge input to refine or re-orient breeding programs, and design field operating machinery. 10 de abril de 2018 localhostNone Bringing Organisations and Network Development to higher levels in the farming sector in Europe localhostNone <img style="float: left;padding-right: 10px;padding-bottom:10px;" src="localhost/static/photologue/photos/cache/descarga_1_detail.jpg" alt="BOND" title="BOND" />Project &lsquo;BOND' is centred on the implementation of reaching higher levels of organisation and networking, and develop a healthier, more productive, and more harmonious farming sector in Europe for the long term.The ultimate goal is to build strong organisations and create stronger networks between farmers, between farmers organisations, and for them with policy makers, researchers, and others relevant to the networking and cooperation toward the goals: collective action for increased synergies and collaboration. Through these new bonds, and through the tools and resources developed over the three years of the project, it can promote lasting change for the good of the farming sector and ultimately for everyone who relies on it for daily nourishment across Europe 20 de marzo de 2018 localhostNone Biocontrol of Aflatoxin Contamination Using Atoxigenic Strains from Almond and Pistachio Orchards. localhostNone Aflatoxins (AF), the most toxic and carcinogenic compounds among the mycotoxins, are mainly produced by the fungi Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus. Because these fungi are common soil residents of almond and pistachio orchards, these nuts are one of the main sources of human exposure to AF. The consumption of almond and pistachio has increased in recent years in the European Union (EU) due to their positive effects on the consumers' health. Spain has the largest area (587.000 ha) under almond cultivation after USA and its pistachio growing-area is exponentially expanding. Contaminated batches of Spanish nuts by AFs have been frequently detected. Application of atoxigenic strains of A. flavus has successfully reduced crop AF-contamination in the USA and Africa. This biological control strategy uses endemic atoxigenic A. flavus strains, considered best adapted, to displace the AF-producing fungi. Unfortunately, EU farmers do not have the benefit of this type of biological control technology since there are not registered atoxigenic strains in this area. The aim of current project is to: i) improve substrate and application methods of atoxigenic A. flavus; ii) select new biological control agents for their patent and future registration in EU and USA; and iii) construct mechanistic models of risk for AF-contamination. The expected results will have a positive impact improving food safety and the environment and securing economic benefits to EU farmers and agri-food industries. In addition, this project supports capacity building, provides the foundation to the fellow in pursuing his independent scientific career and strengthens collaboration with research groups from EU and USA, three small-medium enterprises (SEMs), and a spin-off company. 15 de marzo de 2018 localhostNone High Performance Soft-tissue Navigation localhostNone <img style="float: left;padding-right: 10px;padding-bottom:10px;" src="localhost/static/photologue/photos/cache/hipernav_detail.png" alt="HIPERNAV" title="HIPERNAV" />Primary liver cancer, which consists predominantly of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is the fifth most common cancer worldwide and the third most common cause of cancer mortality. A successful surgical resection of HCC requires complete removal of the tumour while sparing as much healthy tissue as possible. Due to technical and clinical difficulties relatively low percentage of patients are eligible for resection. There is an urgent need to increase the patient eligibility and improve the survival prognosis after liver interventions. HiPerNav will train early stage researchers (biomedical engineers and medical doctors) to become international leading in key areas of expertise through a novel coordinated plan of individual research projects addressing specific bottlenecks in soft tissue navigation for improved treatment of liver cancer. The multidisciplinary dialogue and work between clinicians and biomedical engineers is crucial to address these bottlenecks. By providing researchers with knowledge and training within specific topics from minimally invasive treatment, biomedical engineering, research methodologies, innovation and entrepreneurship, the link between academic research and industry will be strengthened. This allows for easy transfer of promising results from the research projects to commercially exploitable solutions. The global image guided surgery devices market is promising; it was valued at USD 2.76 billion in 2013 and is projected to expand 6.4% from 2014 to 2022 to reach USD 4.80 billion in 2022. The market for soft-tissue navigation is still in its infancy, mainly due to challenges in achieved accuracy for targeting deformable and moving organs. By providing multi-disciplinary training, the researchers in this consortium of international leading research institutions, universities and industry will initiate true translational research from academic theoretical ideas to the clinical testing of prototype, developed solutions and tools. 14 de marzo de 2018 localhostNone Climate forecast enabled knowledge services localhostNone <img style="float: left;padding-right: 10px;padding-bottom:10px;" src="localhost/static/photologue/photos/cache/8_logo_clara_detail.png" alt="clara" title="clara" />Climate variability and change (CVC) embody sizeable economic, social and environmental risks in Europe and globally. Climate services (CSs) (Brasseur and Gallardo, 2016; Brooks, 2013; Lourenco et al., 2015) are essential for catalysing economic and societal transformations that not only reduce these risks and/or improve societal resilience, but also unlock Europe's innovation potential, competitiveness and economic growth. As a part of European efforts to catalyse the potential of climate services for more efficient natural resource management and improved disaster risk management and resilience, the CLARA project will boost innovation and uptake of climate services based on front line seasonal and decadal forecasts and climate projections. Building upon the advancements in climate modelling and science in the context of the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), the CLARA project will illustrate genuine benefits and economic value of CSs in the face of climate variability and short-term climate change. A portfolio of user co-designed and co-developed climate services will help to improve policy and decision makings in the five priority areas GFCS: disaster risk reduction, water resource management, agriculture and food (security), renewable energy sources, and public health. Carefully designed business and marketing strategies will promote their uptake, help to energise the European market with climate services, and foster the European innovation potential. 14 de marzo de 2018 localhostNone Crop diversification and low-input farming across Europe: from practitioners engagement and ecosystems services to increased revenues and chain organisation localhostNone <img style="float: left;padding-right: 10px;padding-bottom:10px;" src="localhost/static/photologue/photos/cache/logo_1_detail.jpg" alt="Diverfarming" title="Diverfarming" />With the long-term view of increasing diversification and biodiversity in Europe and fostering sustainable development of bioeconomy, the Diverfarming consortium come together to develop and deploy innovative farming and agribusiness strategies. Diverfarming will increase the long-term resilience, sustainability and economic revenues of agriculture across the EU by assessing the real benefits and minimising the limitations, barriers and drawbacks of diversified cropping systems under low-input agronomic practices that are tailor-made to fit the unique characteristics of six EU pedoclimatic regions (Mediterranean south and north, Atlantic central, Continental, Pannonian and Boreal), and by adapting and optimising the downstream value chains organization. This approach will provide: i) increased overall land productivity; ii) more rational use of farm land and farming inputs (water, energy, machinery, fertilisers, pesticides); ii) improved delivery of ecosystem services by increments in biodiversity and soil quality; iii) proper organization of downstream value chains adapted to the new diversified cropping systems with decreased use of energy; and iv) access to new markets and reduced economy risks by adoption of new products in time and space. The diversified cropping systems will be tested in field case studies for major crops within each pedoclimatic region. In the end, Diverfarming focuses on research and innovation for rural development, with emphasis on developing new framework systems and business models adapted to the rural context of each pedoclimatic area of the EU, to foster sustainable growth through adoption of diversification, sustainable practices and efficient use of resources. 28 de noviembre de 2017 localhostNone Reinforcement of Mediterranean olive oil sector competitiveness through development and application of innovative production and quality control methodologies related to olive oil health protecting properties localhostNone <img style="float: left;padding-right: 10px;padding-bottom:10px;" src="localhost/static/photologue/photos/cache/aristoil_detail.bmp" alt="aristoil2" title="aristoil2" />The Mediterranean region is the main place around the world for production of olive oil.&nbsp;95% of the world's olive oil is produced in the Mediterranean and mainly in Greece,&nbsp;Peloponnese which produces 65% of Greek olive oil, Italian regions of Sicily, Calabria and&nbsp;Puglia and Andalusia in Spain, the biggest olive growing area on the planet. The main&nbsp;common challenge for all participating countries in the project is that the average price of&nbsp;olive oil is low in comparison to the production cost and moreover there is a strong&nbsp;competition with the non-Mediterranean seed oil sector. The producers in the&nbsp;Mediterranean are pressed either to reduce the cost of production or to increase the value&nbsp;or the demand for olive oil in the international market in order to maintain the viability and&nbsp;sustainability of the olive tree cultivation and the olive oil production. The main objective of&nbsp;ARISTOIL is the reinforcement of Mediterranean olive oil sector competitiveness through&nbsp;development and application of innovative production and quality control methodologies&nbsp;leading to olive oil with enhanced health protecting properties (as recognized by EU&nbsp;432/2012 regulation). The development of a Mediterranean Cluster for olive oil producers&nbsp;and businesses combined with specialised training, development of innovative methods for&nbsp;identifying the phenolic ingredients of the oil as well as oil producers' support by special&nbsp;product certification is the mixture which will lead to the project's objective. 14 de junio de 2017 localhostNone